I live in London and have never needed a car. Public transport is available 24 hours a day. Most Londoners will purchase a flat-fee monthly Travelcard that can be used on buses, the tube and the train. And we consider ourselves to have the worst public transport in Europe. It is certainly the most expensive. However, it is still superior to most of the rest of the world. One reason for superior transport is that the cities are so old. You can’t knock down a 500-year-old building just to extend the road. Many streets in London have been there for almost 2,000 years and aren’t designed to take six-lane highways. Good public transport is necessary. The public transport systems are also old. The tube has 150 years of history. It was built at a time when labor was cheap. Also, there are cultural differences that explain Europeans’ like of public transport. There is often a preference here for communal solutions over individual ones. Green issues are more important. European governments tax highly polluting industries and vehicles. Petrol is expensive. Meanwhile, the United States produces 10 percent of the world’s greenhouse gases, largely because the motor lobby manages to portray global warming as a myth. Trivially, the English drink a hell of a lot when they go out, so public transport is convenient. European cities are also much safer than their U.S. counterparts, so there isn’t that fear factor, but that’s another issue.